Tuesday, 1 November 2016





An individual with poor Visual Closure skills has difficulty recognising the whole of an object when part of it is hidden or missing.  When we are reading, Visual Closure perception helps us recognise sight words.  It is a foundational skill for fluency in reading and spelling.



Visual Discrimination difficulties result in general letter/number confusion when reading and writing.  
Here is an infographic that explains more:

Monday, 22 August 2016



Children with poor figure ground skills will have difficulty picking out a specific object (or particular detail of an object) from surrounding objects, for example, identifying a particular word in a paragraph. 

They may seem inattentive and unable to keep their place when reading and when completing number work. Difficulties may also be experienced in drawing a straight line between boundaries, in finding their place in a workbook, and in finding objects such as a hammer in toolbox or toys in a toy box.

This infographic explains more about this skill.


Children with form constancy difficulties may learn to recognise a number, letter or word when they see it in a particular script or context, but may be unable to recognise the same number, letter or word when it is presented in a different manner. This makes learning to read very difficult. 
This infographic explains more about this skill.

Sunday, 14 August 2016

Food Halves

Match the Food Halves
Addresses Visual Closure and Visual Discrimination skills

Download these FREE worksheets here: https://goo.gl/FQcjpX

Tuesday, 9 August 2016

Correct Puzzle Piece

FREE Worksheets - Find the Correct Puzzle Piece
Addresses visual closure and visual discrimination skills
Download them here: https://goo.gl/EZLg6s

Monday, 8 August 2016

Spatial Wave Designs

Lovely FREE activity designed by http://baal04.free.fr/
Print the puzzle pieces and cut them out.  Copy the design templates.
Work on spatial skills as well as visual analysis and synthesis.  The designs start off with a simple 2x2 pattern and gradually become more complex.
Download the patterns here: http://goo.gl/KE2sHD

Friday, 5 August 2016

Find the Correct Box in the Grid

These gorgeous worksheets were designed by http://lernstuebchen-grundschule.blogspot.com/ using images from www.mompitz.de

The instructions are in German but translate as follows: 
Mark the box in the grid in which the picture piece appears

Download these FREE worksheets here:

Friday, 29 July 2016

Red Pipes

Lovely FREE activity designed by http://baal04.free.fr/
Work on spatial skills as well as visual analysis and synthesis.
Download the patterns here: http://goo.gl/5uJk8a

Alphabet Build-A-Person

FREE Alphabet Matching Puzzles from www.itsybitsyfun.com
Build the person according to the same alphabet letters - the upper case letter is in the head part, the lower case letter is on the leg part and an object starting with that said letter is on the t-shirt.
Download them here: http://goo.gl/kM5EJu

Thursday, 16 June 2016

Build A House

This lovely activity was created by http://baal04.free.fr/
Download these FREE designs here: http://goo.gl/dJ975Y

3D Mazes

Beautiful FREE 3D mazes by eviminaltintopu.com  Would be lovely to laminate them and use an erasable marker to follow the path.  Alternatively, place a magnet on top and underneath.  Trace the path with the magnet.
Download them here: https://goo.gl/xcB9tH

Sunday, 22 May 2016

b/d Reversal Strategies - Games


1. Dice Games

Source: http://boymamateachermama.com/2013/07/27/teacher-mama-games-for-letter-reversals/

2. b/d Ladder Race

3. Letter Snap

4. Tic-Tac-Toe

5. B and D Zap

6. b/d Fly Swatting

7. Letter Reversal Bingo

8. Letter Reflex App

b/d Reversal Strategies - Using Multi-Sensory Materials

Using Multi-Sensory Materials

1. Trace over various tactile surfaces

Possible tactile surfaces include flannel fabric, corrugated cardboard, very fine sandpaper, fluffy fur fabric, or a carpet square.  Have the child trace the letter with his finger.

2. Wet, Dry, Try

Source: http://blog.maketaketeach.com/the-ultimate-teachers-guide-to-letter-and-number-reversals/

3. Fill Block Letter with Objects

Fill a large block letter with objects that begin with the letter’s sound.

Source: http://www.themeasuredmom.com/7-steps-for-beginning-handwriting-practice/

4. Make the Letter with String

Make the letter using straight or curved objects that you can find around the house.

Source: http://www.themeasuredmom.com/7-steps-for-beginning-handwriting-practice/

5. Write Letter in a Salt or Sand Tray

Source:  http://rainydaymum.co.uk/preschool-writing-salt-tray

6. Write Letter in Playdough

Write letters in the play dough with a toothpick, golf tee, pencil, or pointy end of a paintbrush.

Source: http://mamaot.com/12-simple-play-dough-activities-for-preschoolers/

7. Create "Feel Boards"

Create "feel boards" using twine and cardboard

Source: http://www.yourkidcanread.com/EliminatingReversals.html

8. Write Letter in Shaving Foam

Source: http://smarten-up.com/blog/2013/3/4/beyond-the-basics-fluency-with-the-alphabet

9. Do-A-Dot Letters

Picture: http://www.blessingsoverflowing.com/letter-b-bees/
Source: http://www.confessionsofahomeschooler.com/blog/2012/12/a-z-do-a-dot-worksheets.html

10. Make Letter With Playdough

Source: http://ourworldwideclassroom.blogspot.com/2010/09/lets-learn-letters-letter-b.html

11. Write Letter in Paint Bag

b/d Reversal Strategies - Correct Letter Formation

Correct Letter Formation

1. Provide a cue for the staring point

When forming the letter b, start with the stick first, followed by the circle. The star indicates the starting position.  To write the letter d, start with the circle first, followed by the stick. Again, the star indicates the starting position.

Source: http://blog.allaboutlearningpress.com/letter-reversals/

2. Air Tracing

Use your whole arm to write the letter in the air.

3. Walk the Letter

Use a carpet runner and some duct tape to make the letter or alternatively chalk the letter on the kitchen floor or outside in the garden path. Put coloured dots at starting and turning points to help reinforce directionality.

Source: http://www.dys-lexia.co.uk/blog/

b/d Reversal Strategies - Letter Formation Associations

Letter Formation Associations

1. Mr Beady (b.d.) Eyes

Source: http://resources.sparklebox.org.uk/sb1211.pdf

Source: http://www.boostforreaders.com/mrbeadyeyes.html

Source: http://www.thetallytales.com/2014/10/now-introducing-mr-b-d-eyes-handwriting.html

2. "bed" Cue Cards

3. Hand "bed" Cue

4.  "bat and ball Cue Cards

A common visual cue is to teach the “b” as a “bat with a ball” to cue that the stick is formed first while writing the letter.  The “d” is cued as a couple of different things.

5.  Upper and Lowercase Cue Cards

6.  "b sees d" Cue Cards

7. Alphabet 8's